The Mongolian Stock Exchange (MSE) was established in 1991 and is so far the only stock exchange in the country.
The MSE drew world-wide attention during the second half of the 2000s due to its exceptionally rapid growth. In 2006, it was still the world’s smallest stock exchange by market capitalization. The market capitalization back then was the equivalent of approximately 83 million USD. By 2008, that number had grown to 406 million USD and by 2011 it had reached $2 billion USD.
An increase of over 120% made the MSE the best performing stock market in the world for the year 2010.
Short facts about the Mongolian Stock Exchange
|Name in English||The Mongolian Stock Exchange|
|Name in Mongolian||Монголын Хөрөнгийн Бирж|
|Currency||Mongolian tugrik (MNT)|
|Founded||18 January, 1991|
|Owner||The Mongolian State|
The Mongolian Stock Exchange is open for trading Monday through Friday, from 10:00 am to 01:00 pm local time. The exception is bank holidays declared by the Mongolian Government.
MSE is using the Millennium IT integrated trading platform from Millennium IT Software Limited. This platform includes the Millennium Exchange, Millennium CSD, Millennium Surveillance and Millennium Depositary systems for the Mongolian Stock Exchange and Securities Clearing House and Central Depositary /SCHCD/.
The most well-known index for MSE is the MSE Top-20 Index. It is calculated based on the market capitalization and average daily average trading value of the top 20 securities listed on the exchange.
The Mongolian Stock Exchange is located in Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator), Mongolia’s capital and largest city. The exchange is housed in a building that used to be a Children’s Cinema, not far from the Mongolian Parliament.
The building is a neo-classical-style structure. It used to have a pink-and-white facade, but has since been painted gray.
Mongolia was a Soviet satellite state from 1924 to the fall of the Soviet empire. After the Mongolian Revolution of 1990, the authoritarian government resigned without bloodshed, a democratic multi-party system was established and the country commenced a transition into market economy.
On 18 January 1991, the Mongolian Stock Exchange was established by pre-government decree No. 22. This makes the exchange older than the Mongolian constitution, which wasn’t enacted until 1992. The exchange was established as a vehicle to implement the government’s plan for privatization of major state-owned enterprises.
The Mongolian Stock Exchange (MSE) started its primary market trading on 7 February 1992. Secondary market trading premiered in 1995, trading in government bonds has been available since 1996 and in June 2001 trading in corporate bonds followed in suite.
In 2003, the MSE was reorganized as a state owned shareholding company.
An important milestone was reached on 31 August in 2010 when the market value of MSE exceeded 1 trillion Mongolian tugrik.